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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – PCOS


Polycystic Syndrome – What is this?


Surya Fertility having IVF specialists and renowned for IVF treatment believes with the help of the technology advancement in Medical Industry, Infertility could be handled more efficiently now.


Whereas Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. (benign masses on the ovaries). PCOS is a medical condition which also can often  impact a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones and factors of her physical appearance. It may possibly also have an effect on long-term overall health.


Exactly what are Polycystic Ovaries?


Polycystic Ovaries are a little bit larger sized than usual ovaries and have absolutely twice the number of follicles (Small cysts). Polycystic Ovaries are very frequently having an effect on 20 in 100(20%).


Having Polycystic Ovaries does not necessarily mean you've Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome. Around 6 or 7 in 100(6-7%) of women with Polycystic Ovaries have PCOS.


Which are the symptoms of PCOS?


Surya Fertility Specialists believes that the common symptoms of PCOS are:



  • Abnormal periods or no periods 

  • Unnatural development of hair on a woman's face and body(hirsutism)

  • Loss of hair

  • Unhealthy weight, speedy rise in bodyweight, trouble burning off weight.

  • Oily skin. Pimples

  • Depressive disorders and swift changes in moods.

  • Difficult in Conceiving.


The signs and symptoms are different from woman to woman. Some female has gentle warning signs, and some women have infertility present with an entire range of signs and symptoms. 


Not all PCOS patients will present with irregular menstrual cycle and hirsutism few of them comes have a regular menstrual cycle and no Hirsutism.


What Causes PCOS? 


Women’s PCOS tend to abnormal levels of fertility hormones. They have up letter hormones, they can also have levels male hormones such as testosterones s-DHEAS. 


The source of PCOS is not really identified. PCOS in some cases runs in families. If there is any of your family members (Mom, Aunties, and Siblings) suffer from PCOS, your personal probability of acquiring PCOS may be enhanced.


The indications of PCOS are associated with excessive hormone levels. Few POCS patients also continue abnormal blood levels glucose level and increased testis insulin hormone levels. Hormones are chemical messengers, which command how your entire body operates. Testosterone is actually a hormone which happens to be developed through the ovaries. Female with PCOS have a little bit larger than regular levels of testosterones that are connected with a lot of the warning signs of the issue.


Blood insulin is a hormone which adjusts the condition of carbohydrates (a type of sugar) inside the blood. In case you have PCOS, your whole body won't interact with the hormone insulin shots (called insulin level of resistance), hence, the amount of glucose is bigger, and one’s body delivers additional insulin. Large amounts of insulin usually lead to an increase in weight, abnormal periods, infertility and greater levels of testosterone.


How does Surya Fertility Specialists diagnose PCOS?


Most female with PCOS often have unique signs and symptoms those appear and vanish as well. This tends to produce PCOS a challenging situation to analyze. For that reason, typically, it will take a while to obtain a final answer though some of these aids in overall diagnosis.



  • Unnatural, rare periods or no periods

  • More face or body hair than is normal in your case and/or blood assessments which demonstrate higher testosterone levels than usual

  • An ultrasound examination which exhibits polycystic ovaries


Whenever an examination is done, you can be referred (a physician who has specialized in woman’s reproduction system) or an Endocrinologist (a physician who is an expert in the hormonal system).


What could Polycystic Ovary Syndrome suggest in my long-term health?


You're at larger risk of acquiring the subsequent long-term health issues in case you have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):


Insulin resistance and diabetic issues:


PCOS patients are proven to develop diabetes mellitus and these long-term health implications should be kept in mind and her/him lifestyle to maintain sure your risk & develops diabetes mellitus decreases by proper excise and diet.


For those who have PCOS, your likelihood of acquiring diabetes are higher even more if you:



  • Are 40 years old or more

  • Have family members having diabetes

  • Developed diabetic issue throughout a pregnancy (normally referred as gestational diabetes)

  • Are too heavy (body weight index or Body mass index in excess of 30)


If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you will be given dietary advice and may be prescribed tablets or insulin injections.


High Blood vessels Pressure:


Women of all ages with the Polycystic ovary syndrome have a tendency to have high blood strain, and that is likely to be relevant to insulin resistance and to getting chubby, alternatively as opposed to PCOS per se. High blood pressure oftentimes leads to cardiovascular disease and ought to be addressed.


Cardiovascular disease in Later Life:


Acquiring heart problems is related to health concerns for example diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure. In the event you tend not to have these disorders, there is certainly no apparent research that suggest, even if you have Polycystic ovary syndrome, that you are much more likely to die from cardiac arrest than a woman who tend not to have PCOS.


CANCER Signs and symptoms of your PCOS:


For your much fewer periods (under 3 a yr), the endometrium (lining of the uterus) can become thick which usually leads to endometrial cancer which is seen very rarely in few PCOS patients esp those who are diabetic and hypothyroid, Obese. 


There are actually different approaches to secure the lining of your womb making use of the hormonal progestogen. Your fertility specialist will talk about the number of choices along with you. This can incorporate five-day duration of progestogen tablets utilized each and every 3 or 4 months, choosing a birth control technique. The possibilities will be based on irrespective of whether you are endeavoring for newborn.


Polycystic ovary syndrome will not boost your prospect of the breast, cervical or ovarian cancer.


Depression symptoms and swift changes in moods:


The signs and symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome may have an impact of the truth is yourself and in what way you imagine other folks watch you. It could possibly reduce your personal confidence.


What things should I do to scale back long-term health threats?


Employ a Healthy and balanced Lifestyle


The key approach to lessen your overall likelihood of long-term overall health challenges are going to:



  • Stick to a nutritious well-balanced diet. This should include fruit and vegetables and whole foods (for example toasted bread, wholegrain cereals, brown rice, and whole wheat pasta), trim meat, fish, and chicken. You ought to cut down carbohydrates, sodium, caffeinated drinks and alcohol consumption (14 units would be the advisable optimum units a week for female).

  • Try to eat dishes on a regular basis in particular which includes breakfast every day

  • Carry physical exercise on a regular basis (30 minutes a minimum of three times 7 days)


It is best you make an effort to maintain your weight to the level and that is standard (a Body mass index in between 19 and 25). BMI will be the measurement of body weight with regards to body height.


When you are heavy, it becomes beneficial to lose fat and keep your weight when it reaches this new level. In case you are overweight (Body mass index in excess of 30), consult about tactics for getting rid of weight, together with your Fertility Specialist, and dieticians.


Surya Fertility Centre specialists’ believe advantage of burning off weight includes:



  • A lesser potential acquiring diabetic issues

  • More normal periods

  • Increased chances of conceived normally.

  • Increased effect of fertility drugs betters success rate with fertility treatment.

  • Decline in pimples in addition to a lower in excess hair development eventually

  • Much better feelings and self-confidence.


Have common Health check-ups:


When you finally have an analysis of Polycystic ovary syndrome, you are going to be examined to evaluate for almost any early indications of health issues.


Females with PCOS within the age of 40 ought to undergo a blood sugar examination once per year to evaluate for clues of diabetic issues. For those who are obese (Body mass index over 30) or possess a family background of diabetes, you most likely for diabetes sooner than age 40.


For those who never have had a period for quite a long time (around 4 months), it is actually sensible to check out your Fertility specialist/OBGYN. You will be provided a recommendation for even more lab tests that may include things like an ultrasound scan and hormones tests.


Is it possible to Cure for PCOS?


There isn't any heal for Polycystic ovary syndrome. Therapies make an effort to control and decrease the signs and symptoms or repercussions of PCOS. Prescription medication only hasn't been shown to be much better than healthy and balanced lifestyle adjustments (Weight reduction and workouts).


A lot of women with PCOS efficiently take care of their signs and symptoms, long-term wellness risk without the need of health-related assistance. They are doing this by having a healthy and balanced diet program, performing exercises on a regular basis and keeping a balanced lifestyle.


PCOS and Fertility Treatments:


Women with PCOS:


Who are obese and seeking fertility treatment, should try and loose weight by at least 5-10% in order to improve these chances of conception. Ask you Infertility Specialist for any pretreatments before using ovulation education and Fertility chances of Conception.


We At Surya Fertility Centre normally use myoinositol and metformin as a pretreatment before fertility treatment. We also try and regularize the menstrual cycle by using contraceptive pills before start ovulation regular need in a woman of menstrual cycles.


PCOS and IVF Treatment:


Women PCOS requires IVF treatment should receive pretreatment of 1-2 months before the phase of IVF cycle. Ask your Infertility Specialist regards the same.


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:


Top ovarian delivery of PCOS ovarian is an option in resistant abnormal PCOS not responded to ovarian fertility treatment.