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Male Fertility and Infertility Diagnosis and Treatment



  • Male Infertility Examination Historically, the health care result to a husband and wife with infertility has been for the female spouse to take a look at the gynecologist for an examination. The male associate may or may not be requested to give a semen analysis.Surya Fertility Centre understands the importance of preserving and restoring male fertility and has developed a comprehensive, streamlined evaluation for affected men.

  • Spermatogenesis Sperm production is hormonally driven. Brain hormones govern sperm production and are precisely controlled. The male genitalia are responsible for sperm and ejaculate production.

  •  Oligospermia is a male fertility issue defined as a low sperm concentration in the ejaculate. Low sperm concentration or “sperm count” is the number of sperm in a prescribed volume of ejaculate.

  • Azoospermia Azoospermia is the complete lack of sperm in the ejaculate. It occurs in 5% of infertile men. If this is the case, then one or both of two conditions may be present.

  • Testis Biopsy A testis biopsy is helpful in many cases of azoospermia. If an evaluation of azoospermia is not clearly showing whether there is a problem with sperm production or one of a blockage in the ducts of the reproductive tract, then the next step is to examine the testis itself and assess sperm production.

  • Non-Surgical Male Fertility Treatment Only about 20% of young men actually know the exact time to have sex during the female cycle to achieve a pregnancy. The critical period can be assessed by either basal body temperature charting or home kits that detect the LH surge in the urine immediately (24 hours) prior to ovulation.

  • Surgical Male Fertility Treatment Surgical treatment options include varicocele repair, ejaculatory duct resection and vasectomy reversal. What is nice about surgical treatments for male infertility is that they can “cure” the problem and allow for conception at home and not in the laboratory.

  • Sperm Retrieval Sperm retrieval procedures are designed to collect sperm from organs within the male reproductive tract. First developed in 1985, sperm retrieval combined with in vitro fertilization (IVF) and ICSI are invaluable for allowing infertile men without ejaculated sperm the opportunity to be fathers.

  • Varicocele Repair Varicoceles are enlarged veins (varicose) in the scrotum; they are the most commonly corrected reason for male infertility.

  • Dr. Sunitha Illinani at Surya Fertility Centre is easy. Take the first step and schedule a consult with the male fertility expert Dr. Sunitha Illinani today.


Varicocele repair is indicated when there is grade3 varicocele with reflux.  Or 1 & 2 varicocele do not required surgery and if done may not improve the sperm quantity in term count and mobility.